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Is being ‘the world’s most liveable city’ such a big deal?

Melbourne came first in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Global Liveability Index released yesterday; this is Melbourne’s fifth “win” in a row. Adelaide, Sydney and Perth ranked fifth, seventh and ninth respectively, as they did last year. Brisbane came in 20th again.

I’ve reviewed each release of the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Index for the last five years. As was the case in 2014, nothing has changed at the top in the 2015 survey compared to the previous year, so here’s a summary of the key points I’ve made on past occasions:

  • It’s a guide to companies on what they should pay their execs while they’re on assignment. It’s therefore not a guide to the best cities to live in permanently and it’s not at all useful for those who aren’t highly remunerated.
  • It doesn’t take account of the cost of living for permanent residents or key issues like job opportunities and housing affordability.
  • It overwhelmingly reflects national or State-wide characteristics like health and education, not the attributes of individual cities.
  • The scores of the top 10 cities are so close the differences are inconsequential; it borders on frivolous to even make a distinction between No. 1 and No. 10.
  • There’s enormous variability in the quality of the data between countries and the methodology isn’t as transparent as it should be.

Whatever its usefulness for companies sending executives on assignment might be, the Index has little relevance for permanent residents of a city or for urban policy-makers.

Of course politicians won’t be able to resist making political capital from the survey, but the rest of us should understand it means almost nothing in terms of informing policy.

In this excruciatingly titled media release from the City of Melbourne (High five: Melbourne tops liveability rankings again), Lord Mayor Robert Doyle says Melbourne excelled on the five criteria: stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.

“We should be very proud of our city being named World’s Most Liveable City for the fifth year in a row. It is unprecedented for Melbourne and is particularly pleasing in a year when the Economist Intelligence Unit notes that many cities lost ground.

“We must be doing something right in our cities in this part of the world: half of the top 10 most liveable cities are in Australia and New Zealand.”

You’ve got to admire Cr Doyle’s front: the City of Melbourne occupies just 1.4% of Melbourne’s urbanised area and has 2.4% of the population. As far as I’m aware the municipality doesn’t administer a police force, run hospitals and schools, or build railway lines, motorways, sewage treatment plants and power stations.

The attributes that make Melbourne attractive to expatriates and consequently won it the EIU’s gong owe much, much more to State and Federal policy than they do to the actions of the City of Melbourne.

Brisbane’s Lord Mayor, Graham Quirk, has a stronger claim to the rankings, since his municipality has a population around ten times larger than Cr Doyle’s and runs a big fleet of buses and ferries. He made the best of Brisbane’s (relatively) low score, arguing the old “they don’t know what they’re missing” line:

“I’m sure these survey authors would change their mind if they paid us a visit, to see how we really weigh up to the criteria.”

The EIU’s report is at its most interesting when it explains why cities like Melbourne are preferred for expatriates over arguably more exciting cities such as Paris:

“Those that score best tend to be mid-sized cities in wealthier countries with a relatively low population density. These can foster a range of recreational activities without leading to high crime levels or overburdened infrastructure…

“Global business centres tend to be victims of their own success. The “big city buzz” that they enjoy can overstretch infrastructure and cause higher crime rates. New York, London, Paris and Tokyo are all prestigious hubs with a wealth of recreational activity, but all suffer from higher levels of crime, congestion and public transport problems than would be deemed comfortable.”

I get the distinct impression few readers think public transport is better in Australian cities than in New York, London, Paris and Tokyo!

There’s a lot more in my previous discussions of this topic, including consideration of an alternative measure that isn’t so kind to Australian cities (see Does Australia really have the world’s most liveable cities?).

Having said all that, Melbourne does do a lot of things really well e.g. see What’s Melbourne good at? And while it pertains to conditions in 2011, this Crikey piece by Possum Comitatus on Australian Exceptionalism shows that we can work pretty well as a nation too.

The top five scorers in the EIU's liveable city rankings. If this were a 100 metre spring, the difference between Mebourne's gold medal and Vienna's silver would be around one one-hundredth of a second. Source: EIU

This article was first published on The Urbanist.

Author Bio

Alan Davies

Alan Davies is a principal at Pollard Davies Consulting working in transport and town planning. He blogs at The Urbanist.